“Education is the passport to the future, for tomorrow
belongs to those who prepare for it today.”
“A man who stands for nothing will fall for
“I’m for truth, no matter who tells it. I’m for justice,
no matter who it’s for or against.”
“I am for violence if non-violence means we continue
postponing a solution to the American black man’s problem just to avoid
“The future belongs to those who prepare for it
“Despite my firm convictions, I have always been a man who
tries to face facts, and to accept the reality of life as new experience and new
knowledge unfolds. I have always kept an open mind, a flexibility that must go
hand in hand with every form of the intelligent search for truth.”
“Envy blinds men and makes it impossible for them to think
“I am not a racist. I am against every form of racism and
segregation, every form of discrimination. I believe in human beings, and that
all human beings should be respected as such, regardless of their
“If violence is wrong in America, violence is wrong
abroad. If it is wrong to be violent defending black women and black children
and black babies and black men, then it is wrong for America to draft us, and
make us violent abroad in defense of her. And if it is right for America to
draft us, and teach us how to be violent in defense of her, then it is right for
you and me to do whatever is necessary to defend our own people right here in
“I don’t favor violence. If we could bring about
recognition and respect of our people by peaceful means, well and good.
Everybody would like to reach his objectives peacefully. But I’m also a realist.
The only people in this country who are asked to be nonviolent are black
(May 19, 1925 – February 21, 1965), born Malcolm Little
and also known as El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz
- Cone, James.
Martin & Malcolm & America: A Dream or a Nightmare?
Maryknoll, New York: Orbis Books, 1992.
- Dawson, Michael C. Blacks In and Out of the Left.
Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2013.
- Lipsitz, George. How Racism Takes Place. Philadelphia,
PA: Temple University Press, 2011.
- Marable, Manning.
Malcolm X: A Life of
Revolution. New York: Viking, 2011.
- Shelby, Tommie. We Who Are Dark: The Philosophical Foundations of Black
Solidarity. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press,
- Wolfenstein, Eugene Victor. The Victims of
Democracy: Malcolm X and the Black Revolution. London: Free
Association Books, 1989.